In Ishmael Beah’s heart warming Moth story about his first coming to America, many rhetorical strategies are used. One way Beah uses rhetorical terms is when introducing himself and his background he uses an extreme amount of pathos. An example of this is when describing how his country had ravished by a war and his entire family had been killed by this war he was fleeing. Another rhetoric term Beah uses often in this Moth is the use of short, anecdotal stories relating to some point of his life. Beah used these frequently to make a point or have a humorous effect on the audience. During Beah’s Moth, there is a humorous tone behind his entire presentation. An example of this humor would be Ishmael considering the thought of the stereotype of being an African Prince to be nice and his comedic interjection afterwards. Another very important element of this moth is irony. Beah’s American friends thought he was so uneducated and innocent to the true world, and had to be taught how to be “tough.” This, was certainly not the case considering he had been a child soldier in a gruesome war for several years of his life. Another example of extreme irony in this Moth is when Beah refers to his peers’ glorification of violence. This is very ironic considering Ishmael was fleeing such a violent place, trying to forget its presence entirely from his life. From here there is a serious, reminiscent tone shift that is an excellent example of Beah using pathos to make the reader feel a certain way. Beah finishes out his Moth with more use of humor, talking about beating all of his friends in “pretend war” and eventually ends in a more effective way, using pathos to connect his inability to take war as a pretend thing due to the true horrors he had been pushed into as a child.
In his essay “Unleashing the Power of Creativity and Intelligence” Bill Gates states that creativity and intelligence, as hinted by the title, can be used numerous ways to improve our world and quality of life. He uses ethos by explaining how he had a dream to put a computer on every desk and in every home and how this helped change our way of life. He then goes into a section that talks about how he believes that even the world’s toughest problems can be solved. This entire section is really expressing just how much Bill Gates believes in the human race’s ability to overcome any problem we encounter just by being creative and setting a goal to achieve.
Kendra Jones, to interact with her students and create a comfort in her classroom, writes her own 'This I Believe' essay explicating her ways of "beating life's tests" through her emotionally appealing language. Jones use of pathos, especially when recalling an experience where she was nearly raped, makes the reader have an emotional appeal of sympathy to Jones since she went through such a traumatizing event. But it also causes the reader to view Jones as a tenacious woman because of her fighting back to her attacker, which Jones claims is due to her "steeliness," a way that she beats life's test. Jones also uses a grim and earnest tone consistently throughout her essay to convey to the reader that she is to be taken seriously and how her ways of beating life's tests has made her who she is today which is supported by her claim of being "the mean teacher" and her brief explanation of the harshness she has on herself. Jones purpose was to put herself in her student's shoes with writing the essay to form a sense of comfortableness in the classroom.
In Alicia Conill's "This I Believe" article about listening being powerful medicine, she describes her own experience with being humbled into really listening to someone. Throughout the article, Conill maintains a tone of humility and wisdom by being "surprised and embarrassed" after being told to sit down, hush up, and listen to her patient's story. She uses contrasting diction like "detailed" and "vague", "true" and "not [true]" when explaining that regardless the story, the storyteller just wants someone to listen to them. Using ethos, Conill shows that she has learned from this experience when she becomes diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and discovers first hand that listening causes "immeasurable healing" to take place. Conill's purpose was to show that even while being a highly medically educated person like herself, she could still be humbled and shown that sometimes the best medicine is simply listening and hearing someone's story.
In Dale Long's "Why Are We Here?" a persistent fulfilling tone is used throughout the essay to convey his realization of his position in the universe. The reader can connect with Long on a personal level throughout the essay because he involves his personal life while still getting his point across. The structure of his essay involves pathos to further connect the reader with the author and create emotional correspondence to one another. Long further develops the plot of the story with thought-provoking concepts like being "pinholes in the roof of the world," and "The universe stretches to as close to infinity as mankind will ever comprehend." Logos like this make the reader think deeper into his or hers view on life and strike soft spots for some. The author's purpose in writing this was to share the time he became self-aware of where he believed he stood in this Universe that we call home.
In Michael Such's "Waiting to Go" speech, he presents a recognizable fear of thinking. He chronologically goes through his journey sharing key points such as his thoughts on ending his life and current anxiety level to take the listener on his path. A path that seems endless and circular, should he kill himself should he not. The negative diction such as: "terror," "death," "dealing with living" establishes pathos that appeals to the listener's sympathetic emotions. Even though Such still struggles, he leaves his audience with a quote that stuck with him. Referring to the play "Waiting for Godot" the famous lines were said, "I cannot go on like this" to which Vladimir replied, "that's what you think." Leaving this quote at the end left the audience with a microscopic glimpse of hope that will forever be embedded in his mind.
(There is use of derogatory language that is bleeped out and only directed towards his situation and thoughts.)
In Betsy Buchalter Adler's essay, "Time to Walk the Dog," Adler used diction to convey her idea that her furry companion helps to keep her logical job from overtaking her enjoyment of life. Adler describes her walks meticulously, including more details and description when her dog draws her attention to an object. Adler uses this technique to show that her dog is what brings color and joy into her life. The dog brings her attention to things she "would have missed...completely." Adler's diction shows that the dog bring light into the world and allows her to anchor herself to the environment.
Yasmina Shaush believes that “the beauty of America is the opportunity for success through hard work and determination.” Yasmina Shaush develops her point by using specific examples that help her credibility. This tells us she is qualified to speak about this topic. She has a very upbeat and happy tone because of her gratefulness for getting an opportunity to go to college. She brings emotional appeal into the essay by relating to other immigrants and other college students. The subject of this essay is her belief that America is a land of opportunity. The occasion is that she got accepted to a university. Given that this is a This I Believe Essay, the audience is the public. The purpose of writing this essay was to express her happiness of being an American and the opportunities that come with it. She also uses logos by stating facts that also improve her credibility to speak on this topic. For example, she says “Abraham Lincoln was born in a log cabin and received no formal judicial education, yet rose to prominence as a lawyer, and later became Commander in Chief.” She brings up the idea of immigration in the 19th century to tie this to the problem of immigration in present day.
Lindsay's way of divulging her wrongful thoughts and her personal experiences creates extreme pathos in her "This I Believe" speech. The rhetorical strategy of emotion through pathos created the realization that anyone can change a life even by saying the littlest sentiment which was the whole purpose of the essay. This was portrayed through the real life experience of how she came to that awareness when she expressed how she corrected herself for judging the janitor. A feeling of reassurance came to the reader when the line "five seconds, a kind word, and a changed life" was repeated throughout by the speaker. This gets the point across and gets readers to think about the main point which is how the power of a kind word can influence not just their day, but your life.
Brea Melody writes an an essay, called This I Believe, about her struggles with being autistic to prove her point that, while autistic people are different, they are still humans, and people should stop resting the blame of bullying on their shoulders. Melody uses a clever diction to almost push the readers towards thinking about her and others feelings. Her opening line was worded in a way that one reads it and wants to continue on. She says, "I am considered a disease, part of an epidemic that must be eradicated before more people like me are born." She uses a sympathetic, yet stern tone throughout her essay to be clear about what she is passionate about while also being patient with those around her who treat her differently. By saying "What I have cannot kill me; who I am cannot be cured," she is using pathos to put an emotional spin on her writing.
In this inspiring essay, "In Giving I Connect With Others," Isabel Allende argued the key to a successful life is the act of giving, "You only have what you give." Allende's excessive use of past experiences put readers in her footsteps, creating an emotional bond between the readers and Allende. Through selection of words such as "grieving" and "agony," Allende automatically creates sympathy for herself. A contrast in diction is used to show the change of mindset Allende has had. A melancholy text had been changed into a to a life lesson, Allende used this shift to show the importance of the lesson she had learned. With the use of giving, Allende proved it is possible to face any obstacle in life and continue to be successful.
In Vanette's piece "Mediocrity Works", she skillfully acknowledges and attempts to aid in the accepting and overcoming of inferiority complexes and the general feelings of inadequacy experienced by millions of people every day. Her personal understanding of constantly being compared and comparing oneself to others utilizes the appeal of pathos and is able to help entice the reader with an unfamiliar take on the negative effects of over-achieving and refusing to accept your own personal best. Vanette begins the story with a self-pitying or even loathing tone as she describes her parent's success and how it affected her while consistently keeping a slow pace for the first 4 paragraphs, but as her storytelling progresses and she describes her recovery process, the tone shifts to hopeful and comforting. She also very frequently used the pronoun "I", and contrasted the negative connotation of the words she used to describe herself at the beginning with the positive she used for her parents purposefully. With all of this considered, Vanette was able to bring to light a subject very few are comfortable doing or able to successfully, and bestowed the perfect amount of self transparency to do so.
In this non-fiction, short story "Beauty In Brawn," the author, Sandra Kimokoti, implies and backs up her claim that it is acceptable to be "brawn[muscular]" and "beauty[ful]" at once. She uses interesting diction, internal and external conflict, and a compassionate "I've been there before" tone. She recalls past experiences from her childhood and middle school days to state the conflict. She uses imagery to appeal to the soft, emotional side of people. Kimokoti makes people feel heartbroken for her. There is then a shift from where Kimokoti is in dislike with herself to being excited the first day she goes back to school because of the transformation she had made to her body with "self sabotage." This appeals to todays time where everyone wants to fit in and meet social standards. She does this so people can relate and realize that society is not always correct and you have to allow yourself the capacity to love yourself. Her point is then across when she explains that she herself realized that she has to overcome the thoughts of people and be comfortable in her skin to achieve greatness.
In this short story, "A Stack of Rocks" written by Ron Woolley where he describes the hardships of watching someone deteriorate and pass away, and the effects that has on a person. The author gives us an insight into his mind along with a sad but over coming tone throughout his story. The author gives insight into his though when he describes how he believes if Caesar's last breath can still be in the air then his fathers ashes could have traveled from the gulf to England. This thought conveys hope. It is as if the author is saying, although something bad has happened to you that doesn't mean you should give up o things you believe or stop having hope.
Small Acts of Courage by Troy Lancing
In the short journey of "Small Acts of Courage", Troy Lancing, the husband to a wife with cancer, tells the story of his families' journey through the wife's battle with cancer.The author uses structure, diction, and questions to keep the reader interested in him and his families' battle through cancer. The author uses structure to support his story and to keep the reader engaged. He structures by having an introduction paragraph that can grab the readers attention using "When I grow up, I want to have breast cancer too." After the introduction, he goes back to when the problem first arose, then continues in chronological order to keep the writing smooth and neat. Troy also uses diction to further the story, using words like "lengthy" and "spiraled" to describe how the journey's path developed. The author used questions throughout the story to describe the daily doubt of each decision they made and how it might have effected them. He develops that questions from normal, everyday questions that just about anybody would ask themselves, to darker, more serious question like "Should i switch to a new chemo?", "with the new side affects?" The author develops the story in a way that was designed the keep the reader interested and not to overwhelm the reader with their problems and information, but to tell their story and to raise awareness about the problem many people and families face.
Over the past month 12 inmates have died in Central Mississippi Correctional facility. Staff from inside the facility have said that the numbers " are not out of line with....... previous months" but have been slow to respond to questions involving actual quantifiable statistics involving the amount of deaths. Detainees being held at the correction facility have reported guards forcing prisoners that need help to leave guards alone, the correction facility has released no statement on those comments.
In studs terkel's essay, “community in action,” he uses sensory details to help describe the scene where a community comes together to support its members during the great depression. The author uses pathos to convey the dreary situation, that is fixed by good samaritans in their community. The essay starts with a depressed and reminiscing tone that shifts to an inspiring and proud tone. His argument is that even in the hard times, a community can come together and support its members and make a terrible situation not as bad.
In her news article "Billie Jean King: Serena was 'out of line', but umpire 'blew it'", Eliza Mackintosh asserts that while Serena Williams behaved inappropriately, the umpire Carlos Ramos escalated the situation by not responding to her accusations in the proper manner, leading to claims of thievery and sexism. Mackintosh supports her claim by remaining an unbiased reporter when detailing Williams' and Ramos' actions and by interviewing Billie Jean King, who suggested what the solution to the affair should have been, showcasing ethos as she was a prominent tennis player. Her purpose is to clarify that neither side handled the situation eloquently, and to use this event as the catalyst that leads to tennis rules and regulations being modified. Her intended audience are fans of tennis and those who watched the match and are wanting factual details, not a prejudiced recount of the match.
In his "Is Homework Worth the Hassle?" Sean Coughlan directly addresses the unnecessary amount of homework given to children in a persuading manner. Coughlan utilizes situational persuasion to make the ideal home situation dealing with homework relatable to the audience. His passive-aggressive tone throughout the article includes counterarguments but quickly backs them up with quotes from Professor Susan Hallam, his main source, like "doesn't mean that endlessly increasing amounts of homework will keep delivering better results." The imagery highlights the "long nights" or "incomprehensible mathematics" the parents endure along with the children. Repetition on strong phrases like "no point" increases the authors influence on the audience that homework should not be entertained in this generation.
In an editorial posted on The Washington Times called "The Nation Approaching Midterm" the author persuaded the audience to vote for the Republicans in the Election of 2018. Initially the author grabbed the readers attention by creating ethos; the writer used phrases such as, "dying of the happiest season," and "stepping back into the harness," something everyone could relate to. He/she relates autumn to "the midterm election season," and the debate between the importance of "the economy and heath care." This allowed the author to sprinkle in logos to support his/her argument considering many critics express the uniform opinion, "the surging economy won't last." Since Trump was elected into office, he "created 201,000 new jobs," and the GDP reached "4.2 percent" growth rate. To further guide the reader established the purpose, the author expressed terminology including "bats away," "abandon polite custom," and "would destroy other men," to set a tone of economical domination. The author capitalized the data gathered to diminish outside thoughts and empower the audience to vote for Republican Congressmen.